Statistics

An average 233,986 Americans age 12 and older are sexually assaulted each year.1*
Every 2 minutes
, someone in the U.S. is sexually assaulted.1

Who Can be Raped?

Gender
One out of every 6 American women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime. 2 Among all victims, about nine out of ten are female.

One out of every 33 American men has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in his lifetime. 2 About 10% of all victims are male.

Age
Age of sexual assault victims: 6
  • 15% are under age 12.
  • 29% are age 12-17
  • 44% are under age 18
  • 80% are under age 30
  • Ages 12-34 are the highest risk years 3
  • Girls ages 16-19 are four times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault. 3
Race
Estimated persons raped in lifetime by gender and race: 2
  • Women
    • 17.7% of white women
    • 18.8% of African-American women
    • 6.8% of Asian / Pacific Islander women
    • 34.1% of American Indian / Alaskan Native women
    • 24.4% mixed race women
    • 14.6% of Hispanic women
  • Men
    • 2.8% of white men
    • 3.3% of African-American men
    • 4.4% of mixed race men
    • The sample size was too small to estimate for Asian/ Pacific Islander and American Indian / Alaskan Native men

Reporting to the Police

There were 90,427 forcible rapes reported to police in 2007. 9
  • Sexual assault is one of the most underreported crimes, with an average of 39% being reported to the police each year. 1*
When victims of rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault did not report the crime to the police, the most often cited reasons were:5
  • Rape:
    • Personal matter (23.3%)
    • Fear of reprisal (16.3%)
    • Police biased (5.8%)
  • Attempted rape:
    • Personal matter (16.8%);
    • Fear of reprisal (11.3%);
    • Protect offender (9.9%)
  • Completed and attempted sexual assault:
    • Personal matter (25.3%);
    • Reported to different official (12.4%);
    • Fear of reprisal (11.3%)
The closer the relationship between the female victim and the offender, the greater the likelihood that the incident will not be reported. 5
  • When the offender was a current or former husband or boyfriend, about 75% of all victimizations were not reported to police.
  • When the offender was a friend or acquaintance, an average 71% were not reported.
  • When the offender was a stranger, an average 44% were not reported.

Effects of Rape

Physical Injuries
100% of completed rapes, 39% of attempted rapes, and 17% sexual assaults against females result in injured victims.5
  • 33% of victims sustain minor (bruises and chipped teeth) physical injuries
  • 5% of victims sustain major (broken bones and gunshot wounds) injuries
  • 61% of victims sustain undetermined injuries
Only around 36% of injured victims receive medical care.2
  • 82% of those cared for use hospital services
  • 55% use physician services
  • 17% use dental services
  • 19% use ambulatory / paramedic services
  • 17% use physical therapy services

Mental Health
Victims of sexual assault are: 3
  • 3 times more likely to suffer from depression.
  • 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol.
  • 26 times more likely to abuse drugs.
  • 4 times more likely to contemplate suicide.

Economic
About 1 in 11 sexual assault victims reported that they suffered some economic loss as a consequence of the crime.6
  • The average economic loss (in 1997) was about $200
  • Nearly 7% of victims reported losing time from work.

Occurrence of Sexual Assaults

The number of rapes reported is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, with a slight increase in August (around 9%) and the fewest in December (around 7%).6
  • Time of day sexual assaults occur: 6
    • 43% between 6:00pm and midnight.
    • 33% between 6:00am and 6:00pm
    • 24% between midnight and 6:00am
Nearly 6 out of 10 sexual assault incidents were reported by victims to have occurred in their own home or at the home of a friend, relative, or neighbor.6
































    Click here to learn more about where these statistics come from.

The Offenders

Almost 2/3 of sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim.1
  • 23% of rapists are an intimate
  • 3% are another relative
  • 38% are a friend or acquaintance
  • 31% are a stranger
  • 6% are unknown
Only about 6% of rapists ever serve a day in jail. 1

The average age of an arrested rapist is 31 years old.6
  • 0.6% are 17 years old or younger
  • 54.6% are 18 to 29 years old
  • 28.6% are 30 to 39 years old
  • 8.9% are 40 to 49 years old
  • 7.3% are 50 years old or older
Marital status of arrested rapists.6
  • 22.1% are married
  • 1.2% are widowed
  • 28.5% are divorced
  • 6.2% are separated
  • 42% are never married
An average 8% of sexual assaults each year involve the use of a weapon.1
  • 2% use a firearm
  • 4% use a knife
  • 2% use another form of weapon
  • 6% are unsure
  • 87% of victims reported the use of physical force only
Convicted rapists made up 1.2% of the 272,111 state prisoners released in 1994, and 46% of these released rapists were rearrested within three years for some type of felony or serious misdemeanor.7
  • 2.5% were rearrested for another rape.
In 1999, women accounted for 1 in 50 offenders committing a violent sex offense including rape and sexual assault.8
  • Nearly 6 in 10 of these women serving time in state prisons have experienced physical or sexual abuse in the past.
  • Offenders in sexual assault murders are about 6 years younger on average than other murderers.6
    • Youth under 18 have accounted for about 10% of the sexual assault murders since 1976.